By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of previous English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark e-book that during the intervening years has now not been passed in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous booklet of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reviews and in linguistic idea
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of OldEnglish undertaking at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE facts
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative idea and comparable subject matters
- Provides fabric an important for destiny study either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in ancient sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five previous English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 outdated English Consonants (pages 246–300):
Read or Download A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1 PDF
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Extra info for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
In that case /a/ is a misleading transcription. Furthermore, the vowel (if it existed) must have been central rather than back, and it is interpreted as such here (as are /÷/ and /v/). 28 Lass and Anderson (1975) accept the traditional view that 〈ea, eo, io〉 represented diphthongs, but suggest that there was no phonological 20 Orthography and phonology contrast of length between OE diphthongs. Their claim is dependent upon the acceptance of generative phonological theory, which permits reversal of completed mergers and as such is probably unacceptable, see Weinreich, Labov and Herzog (1968: 147–8), also Lass (1983: 174–5).
Also relevant here is the use of 〈z〉 to represent /ts/ clusters, such as bezt ‘best’, milze ‘mercy’, which might seem to suggest a further affricate. But various phonological developments such as metathesis, for Orthography and phonology 37 example, Li bæstere ‘baptist’ against Rul bæzere, which could not occur if /ts/ were a single unit, show that this is not the case. sg. for /ts/. In late texts the French use of 〈c〉 for /ts/ can be found, see the examples in Campbell (1959: §53). 56. 68. 1 Examples of / Ä/ are: 7ild ‘child’, rc7e ‘kingdom’, dc7 ‘ditch’.
17(4) for some discussion of this point. 63 The dental sibilant was represented by 〈s〉. This sibilant, like the other fricatives, had two allophones [s] and [z], the latter only occurring medially between voiced segments. The phoneme is normally transcribed as /s/. Examples of /s/ are: sittan ‘sit’, rcsan ‘rise’, hes ‘house’. ’, lwsa ‘pastures’. 64 The palatal sibilant was represented by the digraph 〈sc〉. 37. An important consequence of this is that medially the result of these changes would be the geminate /àà/, although this would never contrast with /à/.