By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This publication is an entire reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken by means of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self reliant Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect awarded within the publication is the Northern Qiang style spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This ebook, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically entire as attainable. It comprises not just the reference grammar, but additionally an ethnological review, numerous totally analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of complicated, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus complicated consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a collection of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Additional info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
Two of the biggest festivals in the Qiang area are related to their worship of these spirits: the Qiang New Year, which falls on the 24th day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar (now the festival date is fixed on October 1st), and the Mountain Sacrifice Festival, held between the second and sixth months of the lunar calendar. The former is focused on sacrifices to the god of Heaven, while the latter is to give sacrifice to the god of the mountain. Religious ceremonies and healing rituals are performed by shamans known as /˚pi/ in Qiang and Du—an G—ong in Chinese.
Aikhenvald were also Typological profile 19 helpful in trying to make the information presented here as complete as possible. 6. Typological profile Qiang is a largely agglutinative language, with some phonological processes of vowel harmony, lenition, and morpheme coalescence. Nouns take only a limited number of optional suffixes with restricted distribution, while verbs take up to three prefixes and four suffixes. Except for nominalizing suffixes and the causative suffix, which are derivational, all other verbal affixes are inflectional.
The Qiang vowel inventory front high i, i: y, y: mid e, e: low a, a: mid ˙ back u, u: o, o: å, å: The functional loads of the /u/-/o/ contrast and the /i/-/e/ contrast are not very great: in many cases /o/ and /u/ are interchangeable, and /i/ and /e/ are interchangeable. Aside from this, /o/ can also be pronounced [ø], and /e/ is often pronounced [‰]. 2) a. the b. t˚å Æthatﬂ Æwhereﬂ + ze (CL) > the: + lå (LOC) > t˚å: 3sg pronoun Æwhereﬂ 26 The phonological system c. dytå ÆChengduﬂ + lå (LOC) > dytå: Æin/at Chengduﬂ + lå (LOC) > q˙påt®å: Æat the headﬂ d.