By Thomas Rowland
Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in keeping with the main authorized structures: With Copious Examples From the most right Welsh Writers
This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, benefits nice compliment, as being the 1st average try and clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in displaying correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot support used to be additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.
All will enable Welsh Grammar, stronger to any of these which were hitherto released, is particularly a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be made up our minds by way of the reader. it will likely be obvious, there's no doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this construction, and that its shortcomings are a variety of. even if, may still a moment variation be known as for, it really is was hoping that those deficiencies will be amended, errors rectified, and plenty of observations further that have now been passed over, owing partially to wish of time, and partially to wish of information. And with this view it might be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics might, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and feedback, in order that i'll be enabled to ship forth a moment variation extra systematic, extra excellent, and extra complete.
It is my responsibility to country that i'm below very nice responsibilities to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and teach of Jesus collage, Oxford, for the sort counsel he has rendered me, either in taking a look over the paintings earlier than it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing throughout the press. have been it no longer for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus collage, it's uncertain no matter if the e-book might ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will sign up for me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.
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Additional info for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers
JFords upicards are accentuated on the penult ; of two syllables and that is, on the last syllable but one. 39. Accordingly, when the word lable or syllables sufiixed, the accent lengthened by a sylmoves towards the end. is Til us, Perch'en, a possessor Perchen'og, a possessor Perchenog^aeth, possession Perchenogaeth'au, possessions Accent on the first sv liable. , third syllable. „ fourth syllable. ORTnOGRAPHY. 11 — Accent on the ultima. Infinitive verbs ending with the suffix hau or áu, and sucli of the finite tenses of the same verbs as have a monosyllable for their termination, are accented on the last syllable.
Og as Buach, clown. , it is feminine. nine. ; ; 144. Ach, in, and eg. Ach, when it denotes a masculine; in other circumstances it h feminine. (a) eg ; ; The following ff olcen ; : es fa ig (diminutive). ) a diminutive suffix, it is dlsv -ays, feminine. Swyddog, officer. Mas. Marchog, horseman. Fern. Ffolog, silly looman. Pimin. Pwtog, a, short Clustog, pillow. womai\. little ETYMOLOGY. 38 —The 145. Aid, an, and od. ending with aid, an, and od gender of derivative nouns awd) is masculine or femi- (or nine, according to the gender of the tvord to tchich the termination is suffixed.
By changing a into ai, or sometimes by the addition of on. ad and iad, pi. -an, -on, -aid Ceidwad, keeper, ceidwaid. Toriad, cutting, toriadaii. Offeiriad, priest, offeiriaid, or offeiriadon. adur and ur, pi. -iaid, -on, -iau. When the word denotes a person, the pi. termination is -iaid: when it denotes a thing or instrument, the termination is -on, if the noun is mas. ^ Pechadur, sinner, pechaduriaid. , dictionary, geiiiaduron. , scythe, pladuriau. pi. , but mas. w. Gwniadur, thimble, ai, pi. eion.