By Scott L. Montgomery, Alok Kumar
To appreciate smooth technological know-how, it's necessary to realize that some of the such a lot basic medical ideas are drawn from the data of historic civilizations. Taking an international but complete method of this advanced subject, A historical past of technological know-how in global Cultures makes use of a wide variety of case experiences and examples to illustrate that the medical idea and approach to the current day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural past.
Covering old Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the hot international, this quantity discusses the scope of medical and technological achievements in each one civilization and the way the information it built got here to affect the eu Renaissance. subject matters coated comprise the effect those medical cultures had upon each other, the facility of writing and its applied sciences, visions of mathematical order within the universe and the way it may be represented, and what components of the far away medical previous we proceed to depend on this day. subject matters frequently left unexamined in histories of technology are handled in attention-grabbing aspect, equivalent to the chemistry of mummification and the good Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewelry and concrete making plans of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgical procedure of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam.
This booklet indicates that clinical notion hasn't ever been constrained to anybody period, tradition, or geographic area. truly awarded and hugely illustrated, A historical past of technology in international Cultures is definitely the right textual content for all scholars and others drawn to the advance of technology all through history.
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About the Author
BRIAN CLEGG is the writer of Ten Billion Tomorrows, ultimate Frontier, additional Sensory, Gravity, the way to construct a Time desktop, Armageddon technology, earlier than the massive Bang, improve Me, and The God influence between others. He holds a physics measure from Cambridge and has written ordinary columns, gains, and reports for varied magazines. He lives in Wiltshire, England, together with his spouse and youngsters.
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Extra resources for A History of Science in World Cultures: Voices of Knowledge
There is some justice to this; a significant part of Egyptian science was absorbed by other cultures, notably Greece. 1), the people of the Nile built a civilization from which an extraordinary number of monuments, statues, objects, and writings have been preserved – the Egyptians were great makers of things. The greatness that was Egypt came directly from its science and technology. Everything began with the Nile River. Roughly 5,500 years ago, the first complex societies formed in several of the world’s major river valleys – the Tigris and Euphrates, Indus, Yellow, and the Nile.
Measuring stations, called nilometers, using notched rocks, were built along the river’s course, allowing close comparison between flood levels of different years and good prediction of peak inundation (records of these levels were kept in temple archives). Soils would dry quickly in the merciless sun, so to retain water for part of the growing season, which extended to mid-April or May, and to expand the total area for cultivation, the Egyptians devised an extensive irrigation system. Using earthen levees, they made dike-enclosed reservoirs or basins, varying from about 400 to more than 1,000 hectares (1,000–2,470 acres), linked by sluice gates and canals.
How were these enormous structures built? Today, we can safely say that aliens or divine acts were not required. 9). Sledges carrying blocks were pulled up the ramp by oxen and men. 5 ton granite block up such a ramp. Pyramids were not mere burial tombs. Designers of pyramids put a sarcophagus chamber deep within the structure and ordered many of the interior passages to be plugged with large stones. Thus the cycle of the sun’s rise and setting, the Nile’s rise and fall, the pattern for all life and death and return, was enacted.